Tuesday, April 11th

We worked through chapters 15-16 of Brave New World focusing on the Christ figure archetype and Art.  There is only one more class to build your bank balance.  Please read chapters 17-18 and post on your favourite quotation from chapters 15-16.

Postings are due by midnight on Wednesday, April 12th.


Published in: on April 11, 2017 at 10:38 pm  Comments (13)  

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  1. My favourite quote from Chapters 15-16 is “Every change is a menace to stability. That’s another reason why we’re so chary of applying new inventions. Every discovery in pure science is potentially subversive; even science must sometimes be treated as a possible enemy. Yes, even science.” This quote is said by the controller Mustapha Mond on page 225 paragraph 1. Here Huxley expresses his point of view of life towards the reader. The text suggests everything comes with a cost, if humanity gain knowledge to solve their problems, more will arise. The solution made in the new world is to stop more problems from happening by controlling the human knowledge and emotions. This is relatable to Kurt Vonnegut stories, where people have the right to science which affects them in a negative way. In “Tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow”, the key to immortality is discovered, however, people’s lives become pointless. This quote is also relatable to our world, where there are many problems waiting to be solved such as pollution and discrimination. The text suggests despite all the benefits science has brought us, many problems are created. If scienceis not discovered, non of the problems will happen. The text questions us if we should stop continuing our process in scientific discoveries. Last but not least, this quote is a challenge to our “Utopia” world design, because we will have to make a decision if we support the practice of science-which is a risk to more problems being developed-or should we ban science completely, as a dictator government.

  2. My favorite quote is “The optimum population,” said Mustapha Mond, “is modelled on the iceberg—eight-ninths below the water line, one-ninth above.”(224) spoken by Mustapha Mond, the World Controller. He says like an iceberg, it’s necessary to have a strong base to support upper class in order to maintain a stable society. This quote shows how society is structured in World State. It connects to the quote from ch5, “Everyone works for everyone else. We can’t do without anyone. Even Epsilons are useful. We couldn’t do without Epsilons. Everyone works for everyone else. We can’t do without anyone.”

  3. My personal favourite quote is “Free, free!” the Savage shouted, and with one hand continued to throw the soma into the area while, with the other, he punched the indistinguishable faces of his assailants. “Free!” And suddenly there was Helmholtz at his side “Good old Helmholtz!” also punching “Men at last!” and in the interval also throwing the poison out by handfuls through the open window. “Yes, men! men!” and there was no more poison left. He picked up the cash-box and showed them its black emptiness. “You’re free!” (225)

    John is the only character that can relate to the imprisonment of the soma. Of course, as Mustapha later points out, trying to explain this to anyone is impossible.

  4. “‘But that’s the price we have to pay for stability. You’ve got to choose between happiness and what people used to call high art. We’ve sacrificed the high art. We have the feelies and the scent organ instead'” (pg. 194, chpt. 16).

    I chose this quote because it emphasizes the commonalities of John and Mustapha Mond’s mutual relationship; in this particular case, they share a strong liking for Shakespeare and reading literature, both of which fall under the category of Art. However, in Brave New World, the society dictates its significance and upheld belief of conditioning to adapt to social stability. Thus, considering that Art has its prominent uniqueness and sophisticated depictions of enduring events, it is banned in their world state partly because the people would struggle to understand, but predominantly because it could potentially corrupt their nature of conditioning.

  5. “The savage stood looking on. ‘O brave new world, O brave new world…’ In his mind the singing words seemed to change their tone. … ‘O brave new world!’ Miranda was proclaiming the possibility of loveliness, the possibility of transforming even the nightmare into something fine and noble. ‘O brave new world!’ It was a challenge, a command. ” (185)

    In the beginning, John is eager to get out of the reservation thanks to Bernard and Lenina. It meant he could finally be included for once in his life. When he first comes to the civilized world, he says ‘O brave new world,” (121) and is eager to “start at once” (121). His views of the civilized world starts to change. He sees the Deltas lining up “one at a time” (189) for soma. He realizes that this world isn’t what everyone made it up to be. He is disgusted by how everyone is the same. His one of voice changes. ” Brave New World”is an allusion to Shakespeare’s play “The Tempest”. The character Miranda is similar to John in a sense where in her case, she is stuck in isolation on an island and is eager to go civilization but in reality it isn’t good as it seems to be.

  6. My favourite quote was:
    “How many goodly creature are there here!” The singing words mocked him derisively, “How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world… In his mind the singing words seemed to change their tone. They had mocked him through his misery and remorse, mocked him with how hideous a note of cynical derision! Fiendishly laughing, they had insisted on the low squalor, the nauseous ugliness of the nightmare. Now, suddenly, they trumpeted a call to arms. “O brave new world!”” (209-210)
    because of how it conveys the Savage’s change in character using the same quotes in different parts of the book.

    When the Savage accepts Bernard’s’ invitation to go to civilization, he excitingly accepts and is excited to see the brave new world, that has “such people in it” (139) and “goodly creatures” (139), longing to get away from his life as an outcast. After spending time in civilization, John is just an outcast as he was in savage society. He compares the the Delta kids swarming around Lenina as maggots, and which he later says “How many goodly creatures are there here!”, but this time means it in a mockingly way, seeing them as literal creatures. John then keeps saying “O brave new world”, but now ironically as the Delta kids “mock him through his misery and remorse”.

  7. “…that’s another item in the cost of stability. it isn’t only art that’s incompatible with happiness; it’s also science. Science is dangerous; we have to keep it most carefully chained and muzzled” (198)

    The World State conditions people to hate books. It is the art that is “incompatible with happiness”. ‘Art’ in this quote is referring to arts like Shakespeare’s literature. They trade that for happiness and stability in civilization, meaning if no one knows of the truth and deeper knowledge of the works in the World State, then they will be satisfied with the things that they have, things like soma, the scent organ, feelies, but not art. They laugh at art! Their most fulling and agreeble sensations have no true value; they’re all “told by an idiot.. writing when there’s nothing to say” (194). The citizens are shallow and remain shallow in their emotions.
    They often emphasize and value science in the World State but not fully. Science and knowledge can bring us to do great things but also terrible things. Therefore they keep their sharing of knowledge very limited and biased. Hemholtz works as an emotional engineer and he agrees that it is all idiotic, but what opinion can you have without any high level of knowledge and scientific training? Science is useful but extremely dangerous when not contained and managed properly.

  8. ‘Don’t take that horrible stuff. It’s poison, it’s poison.’
    ‘Poison to soul as well as body.’ (185)

    Soma dulls your senses and provides you with happiness but in reality soma damages and poisons the body. Since soma is a drug, it doesn’t only dull your senses but it also, as drug works, alters your consciousness and transform one’s identity by giving him no choice but to act that way (that way meaning being high). John, on the other hand, believes that, in reality, happiness comes alongside suffering. If we do not suffer, we would not know what happiness is. Soma and all are just artificial happiness, there is no real happiness, no real connection between people. John believes that the key to being a human is to have sad days and happy days. To finalise, John thinks that since soma gets rid of sufferings, which is the key to a proper life, soma is poison to both the body and the soul. Aldous Huxley knew in advance that, in time, people would rather have artificial happiness than to go and work for it, even though the book was written in the 1930s, Huxley predicted humanity accurately. In the 21st century, artificial happiness is available in forms of consumption of drugs, alcohol, money and so on.

  9. My favourite quotation from chapter 15 and 16 is: “Because our world is not the same as Othello’s world. You can’t make flivvers without steel-and you can’t make tragedies without social instability. The world’s stable now. People are happy; they get what they want, and they never want what they can’t get…And if anything should go wrong, there’s soma. Which you go and chuck out of the window in the name of liberty, Mr. Savage. Liberty!… Expecting Deltas to know what liberty is! And now expecting them to understand Othello! My good boy!“
    Because this quotation shows actually that our manners are not that diffrent from the manners in brave new world. Many zhings are, similar or are based on the same reason.

  10. “Only an Epsilon can be expected to make Epsilon sacrifices, for the good reason that for him they aren’t sacrifices; they’re the line of least resistance. His conditioning has laid down rails along which he’s got to run. He can’t help himself; he’s foredoomed. Even after decanting, he’s still inside a bottle—an invisible bottle of infantile and embryonic fixations. Each one of us, of course,” the Controller meditatively continued, “goes through life inside a bottle. But if we happen to be Alphas, our bottles are, relatively speaking, enormous. We should suffer acutely if we were confined in a narrower space.” (Chapter 16)

    I like this quote because it shows how unfair the society is; but at the same time it points out all people are living their life in a bottle. Both Alpha and Epsilon, all people are being restricted.

  11. My favorite quote from chapters fifteen to sixteen was

    “Don’t take that horrible stuff. It’s poison, it’s poison…….poison to the soul as well as the body.” (185)

    I chose this quote because its significance is when John was surprised and shocked when his mother passed away, he wanted to let everyone know that alcohol is not good for you and is dangerous to be drinking it. He says “It’s poison,” in this quote right after what seeing his mother. He is warning everyone that alcohol is poisonous and that you should not be drinking it for the results might turn out to what happened to his mother. John also believes that when believing in happiness, comes suffering as well. That is why people take soma but believes that is artificial happiness. In addition, he thinks if we don’t suffer, we will not know happiness. Now a days, the artificial happiness people get come from doing drugs, unintelligent use of money and drinking.

  12. My favorite quote from Chapters 15 and 16 of Brave New World is “One can’t have something for nothing. Happiness has got to be paid for.”

    In order to be happiness, one must pay a price in order to obtain it. In Brave New World, the people have given up their freedom for happiness. Everybody was predestined for a certain role the moment they were born.

    The people in Brave New World had no parents who loved them, their solution to everything is pretty much just eating Soma. They couldn’t enjoy things that we enjoy in real life such as Art, Science, and works of Literature such as Shakespeare’s plays.

    Life has little to no meaning without happiness but the people of Brave New World had to give up everything in order to create their perfect utopia as Mutapha Mond says: “It isn’t only art that’s incompatible with happiness; it’s also science. Science is dangerous; we have to keep it most carefully chained and muzzled.”

  13. “Because our world is not the same as Othello’s world. You can’t make flivvers without steel – and you can’t make tragedies without social instability. The world’s stable now. People are happy; they get what they want, and they never want what they can’t get. They’re well off; they’re safe; they’re never ill; they’re not afraid of death; they’re blissfully ignorant of passion and old age; they’re plagued with no mothers or fathers; they’ve got no wives, or children, or lovers to feel strongly about; they’re so conditioned that they practically can’t help behaving as they ought to behave. And if anything should go wrong, there’s soma. Which you go and chuck out of the window in the name of libery, Mr. Savage. Liberty!”(220)

    I chose this quote because what is said by the controller heavily informs Bernard, Helmholtz, and John, but also can be related to the world we live in. How can a utopia be possible without giving up certain things that people would never willingly give up? In the world state there exists no hardship, no misery, no punishment. Without any negative things, how can the art that explores the emotions of darkness ever be fully appreciated?
    The quote also displays how being a world controller is a punishment. With a third-person perspective, they realize that they live in a dystopia. They learn that the state is built upon lies, and how it praises science, when science it artificially limited. Not only that, but this can also be linked with our world, referring to our use of drugs to solve our problems when he criticizes the use of soma. It us an unfortunate position that lets you see the shadows that the light they live in produce but never see.

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